International Cricket Council
ICC stands for International Cricket Council. It is governing body of cricket in the whole world. It was founded in 1909 and was named as imperial cricket conference and 1965 it was renamed as the International Cricket Conference and took up its current name in 1989. It organizes matches like World Test Championship, Cricket World Cup, ICC T20 World Cup, ICC Women’s T20 World Cup, Women’s Cricket World Cup, Under-19 Cricket World Cup and ICC Champions Trophy .Motto of ICC is Cricket for good. Present headquarter of ICC is in Dubai, United Arab Emirates and previously it was in London, United Kingdom. It has 104 member nations with 12 full members and 92 associate members. Official language of ICC is English. Chairman is Greg Barclay, deputy chairman is Imran Khwaja and CEO is Manu Sawhney.
History of ICC
Firstly it was named as Imperial Cricket Conference. Abe Bailey, the President of South African Cricket Association, wrote a letter to the Marylebone Cricket Club’s secretary, F.E. Lacey and gave his advice regarding the formation of ‘Imperial Cricket Board’. He suggested board will be doing the work of formulation of rules and international matches between Australia, England and South Africa will be played according to decided rules. Representatives from England, Australia and South Africa met at Lord’s and founded the Imperial Cricket Conference On 15 June,1909.In 1926, West Indies, New Zealand and India were elected as Full Members, and the total number of full members became six. In 1952 ,after the formation of Pakistan, Pakistan became the seventh member. In 1964, the ICC changed its name to the International Cricket Conference. In this year ICC Included non-Test playing countries. Few more countries like Denmark, Bermuda, Netherlands, and East Africa were admitted as associate in 1968.Rules of ICC were amended in 1969. In 1973 , it was decided that a World Cup will be played in England 1975. The six Test playing nations and East Africa and Sri Lanka were invited to play for World Cup. After this new members start becoming the part of ICC. In 1974, Israel and Singapore, in 1976, West Africa, in 1977 Bangladesh, in 1978, Papua-New Guinea was admitted as Associate. South Africa applied to rejoin, but they were not allowed to do do. In 1981 Sri Lanka became the Full member. Italy was the first member to join the third type of membership, Affiliate category of membership. In 1985 Switzerland also joined for the same category. In 1987 Bahamans and France ,in 1988 Nepal admitted as associate.
In the July meeting of 1989, the name was changed to International Cricket council. In 1990, UAE joined as an associate. In 1991 meeting was held in Melbourne and South Africa was re-elected as a Full Member of the ICC. In 1992, Zimbabwe was admitted as Full Member .Namibia joined as Associate member. Austria, Belgium, Brunei and Spain joined as Affiliates members of ICC. In 1993 , there was introduction of third umpire. In 2000, Bangladesh were admitted as Associate. In 2005 headquarters shifted to Dubai. In 2017, Afghanistan and Ireland joined as as Full Members.
There are four following types of members:
- Full Members
- Associate Members with ODI status
- Associate Member
Full Members – There are twelve full members and they have full voting rights within the International Cricket Council.
- England admitted in 1909
- Australia admitted in 1909
- South Africa admitted in 1909
- West Indies admitted in 1926
- New Zealand admitted in 1926
- India admitted in 1926
- Pakistan admitted in 1952
- Sri Lanka admitted in 1981
- Zimbabwe admitted in 1992
- Bangladesh admitted in 2000
- Ireland admitted in 2017
- Afghanistan admitted in 2017
Presently ICC has office in Dubai. Previously at the time of formation , Lord’s Cricket Ground was the office of ICC, and from 1993 had its offices in the “Clock Tower” building at the nursery end of the ground. And then office changed to emirate of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates in August 2005.
The income source of ICC are the tournaments it organizes like the Cricket World Cup, and it distributes the majority of that income to its members.US$1.6 billion was generated as income for ICC through sponsorship and television rights of the World Cup between 2007 and 2015. The ICC has no income generation from the Test matches, One Day International and Twenty20 Internationals.
Rules and regulation by ICC
The International Cricket Council decides about the, bowling reviews, playing conditions and other ICC regulations. The ICC does not have right to change the Laws of Cricket, only the MCC may change the Laws of cricket . The wok of ICC is to set playing conditions for international cricket. They have a “Code of Conduct” to which teams and players in international matches should adhere.