TYPES OF CRICKET BALL :
A cricket ball is used in playing cricket. It is a hard solid that has a cork core, which is wounded with string and a leather coat is stitched on it. Cricket ball is one of the important equipment in playing cricket as bowler balls and batsman has to strike the ball using bat. Thus the main way of scoring runs is hitting the cricket ball. Cricket ball is made with a core of cork ,wounding of string is done over cork and covered using leather case with a slightly raised sewn seam. The ball that is used international crickets or high level matches has has covering of four pieces of leather. The equator of the ball is stitched with string to form the raised seam of the ball, with six rows of stitches. The other two joins between the leather pieces are stitched internally resulting into the quarter seam. Then leather is dyed and stamped. After putting the stamp of maker´s name ,ball is polished. According to Universal guidelines weight of the ball for men ,boys of 13 years and above should be about 5.5 to 5.75 oz i.e 156 to 163 g and circumference of the ball should be about 8.81 to 9 in i.e 224 to 229 mm. For Women , girls 13 and above 13 weight of the ball should be 4.94 to 5.31 oz i.e 140 to 151 g and circumference of the ball should be 8.25 to 8.88 in i.e 210 to 226 mm. For Children under 13 weight of the ball should be about 4.69 to 5.06 oz i. e 133 to 143 g and circumference of the ball should be about 138.06 to 8.69 in i.e 205 to 221 mm.
There are three types of balls used in International cricket:
Kookaburra was established in 1890 and cricket balls are being manufactured by Kookaburra since last 128 years. The balls of this brand are acclaimed best ones worldwide. Kookaburra Balls are manufactured from finest raw materials . Kookaburra balls are manufactured in a ‘state of the art’ factory in Melbourne, Australia.
The weight of Red Kookaburra ball is about 156 grams and has a 4-piece construction. They are mostly manufactured using machines. Kookaburra ball offers lesser seam and helps the ball to swing for up to 30 overs because after that ball becomes old. The Kookaburra ball does not give much help to spinners because there is no good grip for turning ball effectively. When the ball gets older, it becomes very easy for the batsman to play shots without facing difficulty. The Kookaburra Turf Ball is used in most of Test Matches, all T20 International matches and all One Day Internationals Internationally. Kookaburra ball is used in Australia, New Zealand ,Pakistan , Sri Lanka and South Africa.
Manufacturing of Dukes cricket ball started in the year 1760 in Tonbridge. Dukes cricket balls are manufactured in United Kingdom. They are handmade only. These balls are high quality balls and remain intact for long time. It can be called as bowler friendly ball because it swings till 50 overs. Thus the ball is very helpful for the seamers. But because of this reason it is not beneficial for the spinners. These balls are used mostly in England. Other countries using this ball are England and West Indies. The cost of Dukes ball ranges from £10-100 (₹850-8500).
3. Sanspareils Greenlands (SG) Balls
Sanspareils Co. was established by brothers Kedarnath and Dwarkanath Anand in Sialkot in 1931.As Sialkot is is Pakistan , company moved to Meerut( India) after independence. From 1991 Tests matches in India are played with SG balls .These balls are handmade. Seam of the ball remains good for long time but because of dry conditions in India these balls lose shining. These balls are beneficial for spinners as they have wider seam. SG balls are used in India.
Also check type of cricket bats.