A cricket ball is used in playing cricket. It is a hard solid that has a cork core, which is wounded with string and a leather coat is stitched on it. Cricket ball is one of the important equipment in playing cricket as bowler balls and batsman has to strike the ball using the bat.
Thus the main way of scoring runs is by hitting the cricket ball. Cricket ball is made with a core of cork, wounding of the string is done over the cork and covered using a leather case with a slightly raised sewn seam. The ball that is used in international crickets or high-level matches has a covering of four pieces of leather.
The equator of the ball is stitched with string to form the raised seam of the ball, with six rows of stitches. The other two joins between the leather pieces are stitched internally resulting in the quarter seam. Then the leather is dyed and stamped. After putting the stamp of the maker´s name, the ball is polished.
According to Universal guidelines weight of the ball for men, boys of 13 years and above should be about 5.5 to 5.75 oz i.e 156 to 163 g, and the circumference of the ball should be about 8.81 to 9 in i.e 224 to 229 mm. For Women, girls 13 and above 13 weight of the ball should be 4.94 to 5.31 oz i.e 140 to 151 g, and the circumference of the ball should be 8.25 to 8.88 in i.e 210 to 226 mm.
For Children under 13 weight of the ball should be about 4.69 to 5.06 oz i. e 133 to 143 g and the circumference of the ball should be about 138.06 to 8.69 in i.e 205 to 221 mm.
TYPES OF CRICKET BALLS:
Kookaburra was established in 1890 and cricket balls are being manufactured by Kookaburra for the last 128 years. The balls of this brand are acclaimed best ones worldwide. Kookaburra balls are manufactured from the finest raw materials. Kookaburra balls are manufactured in a ‘state of the art factory in Melbourne, Australia.
The weight of the Red Kookaburra ball is about 156 grams and has a 4-piece construction. They are mostly manufactured using machines. Kookaburra ball offers lesser seam and helps the ball to swing for up to 30 overs because after that ball becomes old. The Kookaburra ball does not give much help to spinners because there is no good grip for turning the ball effectively.
When the ball gets older, it becomes very easy for the batsman to play shots without facing difficulty. The Kookaburra Turf Ball is used in most Test Matches, all T20 International matches, and all One Day Internationals Internationally. Kookaburra ball is used in Australia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and South Africa.
Manufacturing of Dukes cricket ball started in the year 1760 in Tonbridge. Dukes cricket balls are manufactured in the United Kingdom. They are handmade only. These balls are high-quality balls and remain intact for a long time. It can be called a bowler-friendly ball because it swings till 50 overs.
Thus the ball is very helpful for the seamers. But because of this reason, it is not beneficial for the spinners. These balls are used mostly in England. Other countries using this ball are England and West Indies. The cost of a Duke’s ball ranges from £10-100 (₹850-8500).
3. Sanspareils Greenlands (SG) Balls
Sanspareils Co. was established by brothers Kedarnath and Dwarkanath Anand in Sialkot in 1931. As Sialkot is in Pakistan, the company moved to Meerut( India) after independence. From 1991 Tests matches in India are played with SG balls .
These balls are handmade. Seam of the ball remains good for a long time but because of dry conditions in India, these balls lose shining. These balls are beneficial for spinners as they have wider seams. SG balls are used in India.
Also, check our Article on the type of cricket bats.